The NEW oral expression and interaction test (2020) for the A2 level of the DELE is the one that makes most of our students nervous, especially for candidates who take it as part of their process to get Spanish nationality. Do you want to know all its secrets? We’re going to give you the examiner’s point of view and the key aspects you need to be able to express yourself comfortably.
DELE A2 oral test structure
Twelve minutes before your test, you’ll go with a member of the support staff to the preparation room, where they’ll give you the materials you need and the instructions to prepare yourself. Be careful! This material CANNOT be taken with you to the exam room, but don’t worry. You’ll also be given a blank sheet and a pencil to make your notes. This sheet CAN be taken to the exam room and you can check your notes whenever you need to.
The exam consists of three tests. For the first one, you’ll be able to choose between two topics to make a 2-3 minute presentation and you’ll be given a sheet describing ALL the points you must speak about. For Task 2 you’ll be given a choice between two photographs. You must describe the photo you’ve chosen for 2-3 minutes using ALL the suggestions found on the sheet, which will help you plan your talk.
Finally, the instructions for Task 3 can be found on the same sheet as the photo in Task 2. This will consist of a short improvised conversation with the interviewer about an IMAGINARY situation related to the subject of the photograph for about 3-4 minutes. In this case you can’t prepare the task exactly, but you can get a good idea of what it’s about and give it some thought. Tip: Many candidates have problems with Task 3 because they try to answer with real information about themselves. Don’t be afraid of making up what you say! It’s a fictional situacion. You’re going to have to get into the role you’re given in the exam: friend, son, father, client, apartment hunter, etc.
When you enter the exam room, you’ll see two people there: the interviewer and the evaluator. You’ll sit in front of the interviewer, whom you’ll speak to throughout the test. Don’t worry about the evaluator, you don’t need to speak to them, they’ll be seated in back to assess the test. The interviewer will surely greet you, ask how you are, perhaps your name and country, how long you’ve been studying Spanish, etc., but be careful! This introduction is not yet the exam.
To start Task 1 you’ll be given the sheet you had in the preparation room again and you can begin your presentation. Keep in mind that you’ll be the only one talking. You’ll also be given the picture for Task 2 and once again, it’ll be just you talking. You can LOOK at your notes but not READ THEM. Remember to talk about ALL the points suggested for you on the sheet. Then you’ll start Task 3, the one you haven’t totally prepared. As we explained, you’ll have a conversation with the interviewer in which you’ll both play a role having to do with the subject of the photograph.
End of exam and farewell
When you’re done with Task 3, the interviewer will tell you the test is complete, thank you, and let you know you can leave. Don’t worry if they don’t say anything about your answers, they can’t actually talk about your test with you. Thank them, say goodbye, and leave the room without adding any further information.
From the examiner’s point of view
What can be expected from an A2 candidate? What is the examiner going to focus on? Take note! We’re about to give you the keys to success:
Even though each test is evaluated separately, you’ll just recieve one final mark for the three of them. The grade can be fail (with 0 or 1), pass (with 2, or a 3, if you are above the level applied for). Your qualification will be based on two parameters: language usage and task fulfillment.
Examiners will judge whether your pronunciation, intonation, grammar, vocabulary, consistency, cohesiveness, and fluency correspond overall to an A2 level.
If you want to make sure you get a score of 2, the examiner should see that you are able to express facts, desires, preferences, moods, and assessments (with structures such as “me gusta…” (I like), “quiero…” (I want), “creo que…”(I think), to express yourself on everyday subjects and speak easily in the simulated situation (in the case of Task 3). Your speech should not have many pauses and should be connected simply (with connectors such as “porque” (because), “más tarde” (after), “después” (later), etc.). You’ll have to demonstrate command of basic grammar rules (present and past indicative, gender and number agreement, articles, possessives, and basic periphrases).
Tip: Don’t get nervous if you realize you’ve made a mistake with the grammar or agreement. A single mistake isn’t important, the examiners will evaluate the entirety of your discourse.
If you want to go a little further and try to get a score of 3, you should be able to develop arguments and express preferences, interests, opinions, probability, or desires (with structures such as “I prefer…,” “I’m interested in…,” “It seems to me…”). Your speech should be continuous and cohesive, with statements that are brief but linked by connectors (such as “that,” “that’s why,” “additionally”). You will also have to use relatively simple structures that are used to express the future and common periphrases.
Examiners will judge whether the information you give them is relevant. That is, if you really answer what you’re asked or if you’re improvising without understanding or just reciting something by memory. It will be noted positively if you add details, comments, appraisals, opinions, or reasoning. As before, Tasks 1 and 2 will be evaluated from 0 to 3, and then Task 3 also from 0 to 3, but separately.
- Tasks 1 and 2:
To get to a 2 you should be able to give most of the information you’re asked for, leaving at most one of the points unanswered or answering two of them incompletely. Should you miss more than this, your score will be marked as fail. If you want to get to a 3, you need to talk about all the points and also add any relevant details, comments, appraisals, opinions, or reasons.
- Task 3:
To get to a 2 in this task you should be able to answer the interviewer’s questions comprehensively with the information asked of you and also communicate the messages and ask questions about the chosen topic. If you want to try to reach a 3, once again you should add some details, comments, appraisals, opinions, or reasoning to the information already given and ask questions about the chosen topic.
And if you want more…
Have a look at our Special DELE Exam Preparation Pack!
We hope you can now prepare better for your exam using the keys we provided and that you’ll take your exam without nervous.
Would you like to read this article in Spanish? Click here!