Table of Contents
Introduction to Spanish words starting with “D”
Why “D”? Although the letter “D” is not considered to be the most frequent in Spanish phonetics (the most frequent consonants in Spanish are “S”, “N” and “R”), it is still used quite regularly in Spanish words playing a significant role in forming verbs, nouns, adjectives and prepositions.
In the Spanish language the letter “D” carries a distinct pronunciation compared to English: In English, the letter “D” is pronounced as a voiced dental fricative sound, as in words like “dog”, “door” or “drive”.
However, in Spanish, “D” is pronounced as a soft dental sound, close to the “th” sound in English, that is why many Spaniards speaking English say “dis” instead of “this”.
And conversely, this difference in pronunciation can be a challenge for English speakers learning Spanish. It’s essential to grasp this variation to ensure the correct pronunciation and effective communication while speaking Spanish.
10 most common Spanish words starting with “D”
When it comes to mastering the Spanish language, familiarising yourself with the most commonly used words, the letter “D” is an excellent place to start. Below you will find a list of most-used D words in Spanish, which are not only very practical for everyday conversations, but also provide insights into Spanish culture and communication.
1. Día (Day)
Día is one of the most fundamental words in Spanish, as it refers to each 24-hour period. You’ll use it daily when discussing time, plans, or scheduling. And also it is used in greetings in Spanish:
- ¡Buenos días! ¿Qué día es hoy?
2. De (Of, From)
De is an essential preposition used to indicate possession, origin, or relationships. It’s incredibly versatile and widely used in various contexts.
- ¿De quién es este bolso?
- Este bolso es de María, la chica de los ojos azules.
3. Dijo (He/She/It said)
“Dijo” is the past tense of the verb Decir (To say). Decir is a common verb that allows you to express your thoughts, opinions, and instructions. It’s an integral part of everyday communication.
- ¿Qué te dijo María ayer?
- Me dijo que no iba a venir a la fiesta de cumpleaños.
4. Dentro (Inside)
Dentro is another preposition often used to describe something located within a space or time frame. It’s handy for indicating position or inclusion and it is often followed by the preposition “de”.
- Mi vuelo sale dentro de dos horas.
- Juan y María están dentro.
5. Donde (Where)
Donde is an interrogative word used to inquire about locations or places. It helps you navigate and get information about your surroundings. To ask about the person´s origin, use the phrase “De donde”.
- ¿Dónde vives?
- ¿De dónde eres?
6. Dar (To Give)
This verb is all about giving, whether it’s giving a gift, a piece of advice, or your time. It’s a cornerstone of generosity and sharing.
- ¿Me das tu chaqueta, por favor?
- Lola me dió un consejo muy bueno.
7. Dos (Two)
When counting or specifying quantities, dos is the word for “two.” It’s an essential number in Spanish.
- Hay dos libros en la mesa.
- Son las dos, la clase empieza en cinco minutos.
8. Derecho/a (Right)
Derecho can mean “right” in various contexts, such as a legal right (derecho legal) or the right direction (la dirección correcta).
- No tengo derecho a indemnización.
- Gira a la derecha, por favor.
9. Desde (Since, From)
Desde is a preposition that signifies the starting point of an action or period. It’s vital for discussing time frames or origins.
- Vivo en España desde 2010.
- Trabajo desde las 9 de la mañana hasta las 6 de la tarde.
10. Disculpa / Disculpe (Apology, Excuse)
When you need to apologise or excuse yourself, disculpa is the word that conveys politeness and sincerity. Also it is used to draw someone’s attention.
- Disculpe, ¿qué hora es?
- Discúlpame por favor, lo hice sin querer.
D Words in Spanish: Categories
As with any letter in Spanish, the letter “D” can be found in verbs, nouns and adjectives. If you don’t remember what these parts of speech are, let us briefly remind you:
Are the special words used to describe an action (to do something). They are the engine of any language and Spanish is not an exception. The infinitive in Spanish (the basic form of a verb, without an inflection binding it to a particular subject or tense) can have three terminations: – ar, -er and -ir.
- Hablar – to speak
- Correr – to run
- Venir – to come
Are words describing subjects (what?). They name things and often used with an article.
- Una mesa – a table
- Un árbol – a tree
- La silla – the chair
- El coche – the car
Are descriptive words, they enrich our speech making it more vivid.
- Rojo – Red
- Bonito – Beautiful
- Interesante – Interesting
Most used Spanish verbs starting with “D”
Verbs are extremely important in Spanish, no sentence can be built without a verb. Have a look at ten verbs that start with a letter “D” and cover some essential actions in Spanish. Understanding and using them correctly will enhance your ability to express yourself in Spanish.
Dormir (To sleep)
Dormir is used to describe the action of sleeping. Bear in mind that this verb is irregular in Spanish, and suffers some changes in its root while conjugating.
- Necesito dormir ocho horas todas las noches.
- Duermo muy bien con la ventana abierta.
Also know that when you use “Dormir” in its reflexive form, the meaning slightly changes: “Dormirse” comes to mean “to fall asleep”.
- Cuando estoy cansado me duermo muy rápido.
- La clase era tan aburrida, que me dormí.
Despertar (To wake up)
Similar to the verb Dormir, Despertar has some vocal changes in its root when conjugating. Also there is a difference when it ́ is used as a normal verb or in its reflexive form: Despertar a alguien means to wake up somebody while Despertarse means to wake up myself. Look at some examples:
- Me despierto a las 7 de la mañana todos los días.
- Te voy a despertar a las 9.
Deber (To ought to / Must / Should)
Deber expresses the obligation, duty or necessity. It is one of the modal verbs in Spanish.
- Debo ayudar a mi familia.
- ¿Cuánto te debo?
Decidir (To decide)
As it can be deducted from the English word, Decidir is used when making choices or decisions.
- He decidido estudiar medicina.
- Decidir no siempre es fácil.
- No sé que hacer, mañana decido.
Doler (to hurt / to be in pain)
Hope you will not have to use this verb often, but it’s important to know it and how it works. It belongs to the group of irregular verbs with changes in the root, O changes to UE in the
Also, this verb is normally used in the third person, singular or plural, with an indirect object pronoun (me/te/le/nos/os/les).
- Me duele la cabeza.
- A Juan le duelen las piernas.
Dibujar (To draw)
Dibujar refers to the action of creating images or illustration through drawing.
- ¿Te gusta dibujar?
- No mucho la verdad, dibujo muy mal.
Most used Spanish nouns starting with “D”
Now let’s have a look at the frequently used Spanish nouns that start with a “D” letter:
Money makes the world go round, and it is essential in any culture. By the way, the Spanish word “dinero” has an interesting etymology, it can be traced back to the Latin word “denarius”, a silver coin used during the Roman Republic and Empire.
Nowadays, it represents currency or financial resources and helps you navigate financial discussions.
- Necesito más dinero para comprar este coche.
A diente, as you can imagine, is the hard structure in our mouth we use for biting and chewing.
- Me duele un diente.
- Los dientes deben cuidarse para mantener una buena salud bucal.
- Tengo que comprar la pasta de dientes.
Duda in Spanish is used to express the state of uncertainty or scepticism. You will often encounter this word together with the verb “tener”.
- Tengo una duda sobre este problema.
- Todo claro, no hay dudas al respecto.
- Las dudas son inevitables en la vida.
Normally this word refers to any fiscal activity that involves competition. However, you can also use it to say that you practise some kind of a sport.
- ¿Practicas algún deporte?
- Practico varios deportes para mantenerme en forma.
- El fútbol es un deporte muy popular en España.
This word describes a physical or emotional suffering. The same as with the word duda, the often expression is “tener dolor de algo”:
- Últimamente tengo dolor de cabeza muy a menudo.
Documento (Document, file)
Documento is used to describe a written or printed piece of information or record. This is a useful word to deal with Spanish authorities.
- Por favor, firme el documento aquí.
This word refers to a place to which someone or something is going. You can often hear this word in airports or train stations:
- El avión con destino a Palma de Mallorca llegó a tiempo.
- ¿Cuál es el destino de vuestras vacaciones?
Surprisingly, in Spanish they use the same word for destiny:
- Éste ha sido mi destino.
Most used Spanish adjectives starting with “D”
Adjectives are the colourful brush strokes that paint vivid pictures in our minds. In Spanish, a language celebrated for its expressiveness, adjectives are extremely important. Let’s explore some useful Spanish adjectives starting with a letter “D”.
Also take into account that the adjectives in Spanish are normally placed after the noun and they agree with a noun in gender and number.
When you want to highlight distinctions or contrasts, diferente is the word to use. It’s a versatile term for expressing diversity.
- Tienen gustos muy diferentes, nunca se ponen de acuerdo.
Divertido signifies something that is enjoyable, entertaining or fun. We wish you to use this word as much as possible!
- La fiesta de cumpleaños fue muy divertida.
- Es una persona muy divertida, no para de gastar bromas.
This adjective is used to describe something which is hard, challenging or not easy.
- El examen final fue muy difícil, pero lo aprobé.
- Es una persona difícil, tiene muy mal carácter.
Dulce describes something that is sweet in taste or character.
- Este pastel es demasiado dulce para mi gusto.
- Es una persona muy dulce y cercana.
Duro means something that is firm, tough or resistant. Can be used both literally and figuratively.
- Este material es muy duro y resistente.
- Hoy he tenido un día muy duro.
This word is used in many contexts to describe something which is straightforward or without detours.
- Es un tren directo de Madrid a Barcelona.
- Es una persona muy directa, siempre te dice lo que piensa.
Although it is not exactly an adjective, but a participle, use this word to describe something which is not familiar to you.
- Ese autor es un desconocido para mí.
Idiomatic expressions and phrases starting with “D”
Not a word, but an expression is what we’d like to present you in this paragraph.
“Dejar de” is an extremely versatile phrase that you can hear many Spaniards use in their daily conversations. It translates “to stop” or “to quit” in English. It often indicates the cessation or discontinuation of an action or behaviour.
It is always followed by the infinitive.
- ¡Por fin he dejado de fumar!
- Deja de gritar por favor, me duele la cabeza.
There are plenty of ways to start expanding your Spanish vocabulary. Why not to start having a look at words starting from a specific letter? Mastering these common “D” words in Spanish will significantly enhance your language skills and ability to engage in everyday conversations.
Whether you’re learning Spanish for travel, business, or personal growth, these words are the building blocks of effective communication.
Incorporate them into your vocabulary, and you’ll find yourself better equipped to navigate the Spanish-speaking world with confidence and ease.
¡Buena suerte! (Good luck!).